I’m on a regular quest to improve my soil. My latest inquiry has been into BIOCHAR! I like to say it all dramatic like that because it’s a modern sounding name for something that has been around since… Adam. But I have to admit that BIOCHAR! sounds a lot more intriguing than BURNT WOOD!
Just doesn’t have quite the same ‘ring’ does it.
Biochar is normally made by burning wood in a low oxygen environment. This serves to produce a very fine and clean charred wood. From what I’ve researched, this method for creating the biochar cleans up the pores in the wood by burning off excess debris and sap. What is left over is black char that is very brittle. In order to create this “low oxygen” environment you need a chamber that limits airflow. There are numerous ways to create these chambers, but… yah, I’m not going to do that. The main goal (from what I can tell) has less of an impact on the biochar than it does the environment. The low oxygen environment creates a situation where more of the gases from the wood are consumed, giving off less pollutants. At least that’s what it seems like; quite frankly I’ve found very few sites that clearly define WHY you want the low oxygen environment.
The whole idea for biochar actually comes from the rainforests where it was found that ancient indigenous people used burnt wood (however they produced it) to help their soil retain moisture and nutrients. The soil in these areas receives so much rainfall that the nutrients tend to be short lived and pass right through to the ground water. I’m not thinking that the ancient indigenous people created these fancy low oxygen kilns… although it is possible since a similar set up can be used for pottery…
But I’m getting off track.
I’m not building a special oven.
I’ve got excess, rotting wood, my waste company won’t collect it, it harbors bugs and makes a mess so I’ve got to get rid of it, so I’m burning it either way. I might as well do some experimenting while I’m at it and not waste, what could possibly be, a valuable resource.
Biochar acts like a sponge and holds moisture, something that is worth its weight in gold in AZ where the temps are not only high, but the humidity level frequently dips into the single digits. It does other things too like creating an environment for different types of microbes and such, sequesters carbon out of the atmosphere for long periods of time, and holds nutrients. But quite frankly I’m mainly interested in the moisture aspect.
As I was burning my first batch of wood I tried to keep an eye on the condition of the wood. Normally during camping I just let the wood burn down to ash. Ash is not what I’m going for here. So as the wood was burning I pulled out the pieces that had turned to charcoal and hosed them down until they had stopped smoldering.
I broke up the pieces and put them in a bucket. I’ll take my manual tamper and bust them up some more until they are small gravel sized pieces.
I plan on taking one bed of my main garden area and spreading at least a five gallon bucket of the BIOCHAR! over that area and mixing it into the compost that is already there. I’ll plant what I had already planned in that area and observe the differences.